Revision: Fri, 17 May 2024 13:03:36 GMT
v2.14 – outdated
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Directory Structure

The framework does not enforce any specific namespace or directory structure. You can freely change them.


The default directory structure can be controlled via mapDirectories method of Kernel class. By default, all application directories will be calculated based on root using the following pattern:

Directory Value
root set by user
vendor root/vendor
runtime root/runtime
cache root/runtime/cache
public root/public
app root/app
config app/config
resources app/resources

Some components will declare their own directories such as:

Component Directory Value
spiral/views views app/views
spiral/translator locale app/locale
spiral/migrations migrations app/migrations

Init Directories

You can specify root or any other directory value in your app.php file as argument to App:

$app = \App\App::create([
    'root' => __DIR__

For example, we can change runtime directory location:

$app = \App\App::create([
    'root' => __DIR__, 
    'runtime' => sys_get_temp_dir()

To resolve directory alias within your application use Spiral\Boot\DirectoriesInterface:

use Spiral\Boot\DirectoriesInterface;

// ...

function test(DirectoriesInterface $dirs): void
    // output: <your root path>/app/

You can also use the function directory inside the global IoC scope (config files, controllers, service code).

function test(): void
    // output: <your root path>/app/


By default, all skeleton applications use App root namespace pointing to app/src directory. You can change the base to any desired namespace in composer.json:

  "autoload": {
    "psr-4": {
      "App\\": "app/src/"