Revision: Fri, 31 May 2024 16:10:42 GMT
v2.14 – outdated
This version of the documentation is outdated. Consider upgrading your project to Spiral Framework 3.12
Edit this page

HTTP - Request Lifecycle

Unlike most of the PHP frameworks, the HTTP requests begin outside of the application in the application server

Request Lifecycle

The Response comes the way in a backward direction.


The Spiral Framework based on a set of standards that make it compatible with other frameworks, routers, middleware, etc. You can read more about PSR standards used here:

Flow Description

The user request comes to the RoadRunner application server. The server will pass it through the number of middleware layers, some of which used to enable web-socket broadcasting, serve static files or implement domain-specific logic.

Once all of the middleware processing is complete, the net/http request will be converted into PSR-7 format and passed to the first available PHP worker.

The worker will handle this request using the spiral/http extension and Spiral\Http\Http core. The core will pass the PSR-7 request object (Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface) through a set of PSR-15 compatible middleware.

Once all of the middleware processing is complete, the framework will create an IoC scope for the request object. Such an approach allows you to use PSR-7 request as a classic global object, while technically, it only exists during the user request.

The request is passed into the PSR-15 handler of your choice (by default spiral/router). The handler must generate the response which will be sent back to the user through all middleware layers.

Spiral Router provides the ability to associate custom middleware set with each route.

Invoke HTTP Manually

It is possible to invoke http core within the application. It can be useful for testing purposes or if you want to run Spiral from inside other frameworks. Obtain the instance of Spiral\Http\Http to do that:

namespace App\Controller;

use Nyholm\Psr7\Uri;
use Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface;
use Spiral\Http\Http;

class HomeController implements SingletonInterface
    private Http $http;

    public function __construct(Http $http)
        $this->http = $http;

    public function index(ServerRequestInterface $request): string
        $response = $this->http->handle(
            $request->withUri(new Uri('/home/other')) // modify Uri of current request

        return (string) $response->getBody(); // "other"

    public function other(): string
        return 'other';

The IoC scopes can be nested, so all the functionality will work properly. However, be aware that not all extensions will allow nesting (you are not allowed to create nested sessions yet).