Revision: Fri, 31 May 2024 16:10:59 GMT
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Validation — Symfony Validator

Spiral provides a validation component that allows you to validate data using the Symfony Validation bridge package. This validation bridge provides integration with the Symfony Validator component, which is a more powerful and feature-rich validation library.

See more
Read more about validation in the Validation section.

Installation

To install the component run the following command:

To enable the component, you just need to add Spiral\Validation\Symfony\Bootloader\ValidatorBootloader to the bootloaders list, which is located in the class of your application.

php
app/src/Application/Kernel.php
public function defineBootloaders(): array
{
    return [
        // ...
        \Spiral\Validation\Symfony\Bootloader\ValidatorBootloader::class,
        // ...
    ];
}

Read more about bootloaders in the Framework — Bootloaders section.

Usage

When the validation component is enabled in your application, it will register itself with the \Spiral\Validation\Symfony\FilterDefinition class as validation name and be available for use with the Spiral Framework validation component.

You can use the Spiral\Validator\ValidatorInterface interface to access the validator and perform validation tasks. Alternatively, you can use the Spiral\Validation\ValidationProviderInterface interface to access the validator by its class name.

php
use Spiral\Http\Request\InputManager;
use Spiral\Validation\ValidationProviderInterface;

class UserController
{
    public function create(InputManager $input, ValidationProviderInterface $provider)
    {
        $validator = $provider->getValidation(\Spiral\Validation\Symfony\FilterDefinition::class)
            ->validate(...);
    }
}

Filters

The spiral/filters component is a tool for validating HTTP request data in Spiral. It allows you to create a "Filter" object, which defines the required data that should be extracted from the request object and mapped into the filter object's properties.

See more
Read more about filters in the Filters — Filter object section.

Filter with attributes

One way to implement the request fields mapping is through the use of PHP attributes. This allows you to specify which request field should be mapped to each filter property.

Here is an example of filter object with attributes:

php
namespace App\Filter;

use Spiral\Filters\Attribute\Input\Post;
use Spiral\Validation\Symfony\Attribute\Input\File;
use Spiral\Validation\Symfony\AttributesFilter;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\File\UploadedFile;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints;

final class CreatePostFilter extends AttributesFilter
{
    #[Post]
    #[Constraints\NotBlank]
    #[Constraints\Length(min: 5)]
    public string $title;

    #[Post]
    #[Constraints\NotBlank]
    #[Constraints\Length(min: 5)]
    public string $slug;

    #[Post]
    #[Constraints\NotBlank]
    #[Constraints\Positive]
    public int $sort;
    
    #[File]
    #[Constraints\Image]
    public UploadedFile $image;
}

Note
All available validation rules are described in the official Symfony documentation.

Filter with FilterDefinition

If you prefer to configure validation rules using arrays, you can define fields mapping in a filterDefinition method.

php
namespace App\Filter;

use Spiral\Filters\Model\Filter;
use Spiral\Filters\Model\FilterDefinitionInterface;
use Spiral\Filters\Model\HasFilterDefinition;
use Spiral\Validation\Symfony\FilterDefinition;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints;
use Spiral\Filters\Attribute\Input\Post;
use Spiral\Validation\Symfony\Attribute\Input\File;

final class CreatePostFilter extends Filter implements HasFilterDefinition
{
    #[Post]
    public string $title;

    #[Post]
    public string $slug;

    #[Post]
    public int $sort;
    
    #[File]
    public UploadedFile $image;
    
    public function filterDefinition(): FilterDefinitionInterface
    {
        return new FilterDefinition([
            'title' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Length(min: 5)],
            'slug' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Length(min: 5)],
            'sort' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Positive()],
            'image' => [new Constraints\Image()],
        ]);
    }
}

Filter with array mapping

If you prefer to configure fields mapping using arrays, you can define fields mapping in a filterDefinition method.

php
namespace App\Filter;

use Spiral\Filters\Model\Filter;
use Spiral\Filters\Model\FilterDefinitionInterface;
use Spiral\Filters\Model\HasFilterDefinition;
use Spiral\Validation\Symfony\FilterDefinition;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints;

final class CreatePostFilter extends Filter implements HasFilterDefinition
{
    public function filterDefinition(): FilterDefinitionInterface
    {
        return new FilterDefinition([
            'title' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Length(min: 5)],
            'slug' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Length(min: 5)],
            'sort' => [new Constraints\NotBlank(), new Constraints\Positive()],
            'image' => [new Constraints\Image()]
        ],
        [
            'title' => 'title',
            'slug' => 'slug',
            'sort' => 'sort',
            'image' => 'symfony-file:image'
        ]);
    }
}